What is Linux Hosting?

Linux Hosting is the most popular operating system (OS) used by Web hosting providers. This versatile and powerful alternative to Microsoft Windows is available in a variety of free, “freemium” and commercial iterations.
Linux Hosting, an open-source operating system, is the most popular OS among Web hosting providers. Open source means the source code can be used, modified and redistributed freely in both commercial and non-commercial capacities. Web hosting providers prefer this to the more restrictive Windows platform because it allows greater customization in server capabilities and user options.
Few hosting services offer Windows-based hosting, and those who do charge a higher monthly fee than Linux-based hosting. Historically, Windows has struggled as a hosting platform in terms of stability, but recent iterations of the product place it on a similar playing field as Linux.

Why Choose Linux for Hosting?
As an Operating System, some of Linux features are:
1. Portable(Multi-platform)
2. Multitasking
3. Multi User
4. Multiprocessor (SMP) Support
5. Multi-threading Support
6. Virtual Memory
7. Hierarchical File System
8. Graphical User Interface (X Window System, Wayland)
9. Wide Hardware Support
10. Dynamically Linked Shared Libraries as well as Static Libraries
11. POSIX Compliant (Almost)
12. Multiple Virtual Consoles
13. Multiple File-system Support
14. Multiple Networking Protocols (TCP/IP, IPX/SPX, Appletalk, AX.25)
15. Shell
16. Strong Security Model
17. Open Source

Windows vs. Linux Hosting:-
Comparing things like performance, stability, security and ease of use won’t create any clear indication of which platform is better. The real reason many Web administrators pick Linux as a Web hosting platform is based on the type of files and functionalities they expect to use. If a website uses ASP, .NET, Microsoft Access or Microsoft SQL Server files, then Web hosting will need to be based on the Windows platform.
All other file types, from PHP to Perl to Word-press to MySQL run much more easily on a Linux-based web host. These files still run on a Windows web host, but the Linux platform is designed to work specifically with these data types.
Both platforms still use HTML files and read them in the same way, which means most standard websites will work without any difference in performance. The only difference in using Linux versus Windows is several file types, but when it comes to price Linux is the most popular option among web hosting providers.

Why choose Linux Hosting?
There are some very concrete reasons why one should go with a Linux Hosting for their site. Statistically, Linux based servers have performed better compared to other options and most web hosting companies also prefer Linux for hosting websites. In addition to the widespread of hosting companies of Linux, there are some very tangible benefits to Linux:
1. Security
Security for websites is one of the biggest deciding criteria. You would want your website to be as secure as possible and Linux is the best option as of right now that provides that. According to Forbes James Lynn, 3000 websites are hacked a day. That might sound like a very scary statistic but fear not. Linux is known to be safe and secure and regular updates and security checks can keep your site safe and sound from malicious hackers.
2. Performance
Ideally, to provide the best customer satisfaction you would want your site to fast with smooth transitions. 44% of people acknowledge that a slow performing website makes them anxious. Moreover, if your site is an eCommerce-based site where visitors trust is utmost important, having a slow site will tarnish the image and the credibility of the site. Websites hosted on Linux Hosting generally perform better than the competitor’s offering.
3. Stability
When you are hosting you need to have the peace of mind that your system is stable and capable of handling thousands of requests at a time. If your site crashes when the number of visitor spikes in peak hours for example that is a disaster and a major annoyance. You either need to have a better hosting plan or change your hosting platform. Linux is known to be the more stable ones out there. Its rich community and wide support have made sure all bugs and annoyances are ironed out.
4. Customization and user options
Linux offers more customizability and options for the users. This helps you to tune it to match your specific needs and design the type of features and benefits that you see fit for your site.
5. Less expensive
Linux is an open source platform where users are allowed to customize and modify and redistribute it without licensing means that Linux has less overhead costs compared to others. As a business, you would want to save as much as you can in meaningful ways that do not harm your customer’s experience. With Linux, you can attain that benefit right away. Leaving out resources to be invested in other parts of your business.
6. Better support for PHP, Perl MySQL etc.
Your websites platform will dictate what kind of file types you will be able to use. PHP is gaining traction as the coding language of choice for the web. Linux will provide better support for languages like PHP and Perl as it was built with that in mind. This puts Linux in a great place in terms of compatibility with most of the web.
7. Large and active community
A platform can only be as good as its support and community. Thankfully Linux has a very active and dedicated community. You can find lots of tidbits of information on forums about Linux and how to best use the platform for your hosting needs. Having a large and competent community can also mean if the hosting company you have chosen is facing any problems, the community most often then already has a fix for it.
8. Comes equipped with useful tools
Many Linux Hosting Services are equipped with useful tools such as cPanel. cPanel is a web hosting control panels that allow you to design and simplify the process of web hosting. You can use it to make the process of administration easier thus taking the burden off your technical team. Intuitive cPanel functionalities can only be found in Linux based web hosting services

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